Pain management

The importance of pain management in animals has recently increased significantly. Treatment of pain can vary from simple physical therapy to complex drug therapy.

There are two major categories of pain: acute and chronic. Acute pain occurs with trauma and surgery while chronic pain is associated with things like arthritis and cancer. The types of therapy you can use will often depend on whether the horse or dog is experiencing acute or chronic pain as well as the level or degree of pain.

The current options for the management of pain include:

Dog surgery